Canada is more than its hulking-mountain, craggy-coast good looks: it also cooks extraordinary meals, rocks cool culture, and unfurls wild, moose-spotting road trips.

Canada, stretching from the U.S. in the south to the Arctic Circle in the north, is filled with vibrant cities including massive, multicultural Toronto; predominantly French-speaking Montréal and Québec City; Vancouver and Halifax on the Pacific and Atlantic coasts, respectively; and Ottawa, the capital. It’s also crossed by the Rocky Mountains and home to vast swaths of protected wilderness.
Capital: Ottawa
Population: 35.16 million (2013) World Bank
Provinces: Ontario, Québec, British Columbia, Alberta, Nova Scotia, more

Americans and Canadians are very close in language and in culture. But, like the finer things in life, it’s all in the details.

  • French is an official language and is spoken in every province, but the highest concentration of native French speakers is in Quebec.
  • There are hundreds of languages in use in Canada.
  • You can travel just about anywhere in Canada using only English.

Similar to American money, except a lot more colorful.

  • is a dollar ($) currency.
  • is usually at a lower value than American money. To see the current exchange rate, please visit the Bank of Canada.
  • has a $1 and $2 coin called the loonie and toonie (seriously).